The New Austria, 2005
Belvedere Palace, Vienna, Austria
In 2005, Austria celebrated 50 years of independence. To mark the occasion, an exhibition covering 100 years of Austrian history was held at Vienna’s Belvedere Palace. At its centre: the original Treaty of Independence.
The exhibition was divided into three sections: an exhibition designer developed a system for displaying objects, artefacts and documents explaining and contextualising Austrian history for the left-side walls of the space. The right-side walls were given over to a curator who presented 100 years of Austrian art. The space in between — literally and figuratively between art and design — was designed by ART+COM.
The focus of the presentation was a 250-metre long Austrian flag, which ran through all the exhibition rooms and acted as a ‘narrator’. Seventeen multimedia installations were woven into the flag, making Austrian history an interactive experience.
Listen to the flag: an audio installation consisting of original recordings from politicians from the first decade of the 20th century, such as Emperor Franz Joseph I.
“Slide Fabric” Look into the flag: slides from the First World War are sewn into the fabric and can be viewed with a magnifying glass. The closeness this demands creates an intimacy that stands in deliberate contrast to the brutality of the images.
“Stepping on the Wehrmacht”
In 1938 Austria became a part of Germany and lost its flag. The exhibition flag is grey in this section with a bird’s eye view of marching Wehrmacht soldiers projected onto it. The projector is over a doorway so people are forced to march with and over the soldiers. Loudspeakers in the doorjamb play the sound of marching boots.
Typewriter keys are projected onto this section of the flag-path. Touching the keys triggers audio explanations of ‘key words’ dealing with the post-war occupation of Austria.
“Bow to the Flag”
The volume of the speakers embedded in this section of the flag is so soft that visitors must lean very close to hear the audio. They look as though they are bowing to the flag and so become an active part of the exhibition design.
“The Treaty of Independence”
The original treaty document (normally held in Russia, the last country to sign it) is being shown in Austria for the first time. In the central hall of the palace where the document is presented, the flag has no additional multimedia displays.
LED strips showing quotes from key works of Austrian literature are sewn into the flag.
“Bowl of Clichés”
In the north-eastern corner room, the flag becomes virtual in a giant ‘bowl’. Visitors can stir it like noodles in a soup and, by doing so, bring to the surface words that represent Austrian stereotypes. When touching a word, an explanation with accompanying images is provided.
The flag turns into a sculptural info-graphic representing how Austria’s gross national product compared to Europe’s over the last 100 years.
An old Super 8 camera pointing towards the flag is attached to a sliding mount. With this interface visitors can browse through old movies from private collections.
This installation is dedicated to the relationship between Europe, Austria and the individual. Here, the flag is covered by a smooth, Europe-shaped surface with a cutaway in the shape of Austria. By looking into a microscope positioned over Austria, visitors see a satellite image of Europe. Lens adjustments trigger a flight from space down to Europe, into Austria, Vienna, and Belvedere Palace, then through the roof and ending with a live image of the visitor from a camera attached to the ceiling.
The New Austria was a joint project by ART+COM, Martin Kohlbauer (architect) and Wolfgang Luser.